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NCJ Number: 228603 Find in a Library
Title: Responsibility Modelling for Civil Emergency Planning
Journal: Risk Management  Volume:11  Issue:3-4  Dated:July/October 2009  Pages:179-207
Author(s): Ian Sommerville; Tim Storer; Russell Lock
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Swindon, SN2 1ET,
Grant Number: EP/E001297/1
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This paper presents a new approach to analyzing and understanding civil emergency planning based on the concept of responsibility modeling, combined with an analysis of information requirements that takes into account various contingencies.
Abstract: The management of large-scale civil emergencies is a complex undertaking. Possible emergency scenarios include terrorist attacks; serious accidents; environmental emergencies, such as flooding; and the outbreak of animal and human diseases. A responsibility model for civil emergency planning refers to the specification of responsibilities involved in handling some civil emergency, the agents or agencies that have been assigned specific responsibilities and the relations between agencies, responsibilities, and resources. In the model of responsibility presented in this paper, an “agent” may become the holder of a “responsibility” through an act of “assignment” by another agent or through organizational custom and practices. Agents may be organizations or individuals; for example, police are assigned as agents for the responsibility of “maintaining law and order.” Some responsibilities will be discharged by an “agent” that consists of representatives of multiple organizations; for example, the responsibility of command and control may be performed by a body composed of representatives of the police, ambulance service, and fire and rescue service, so as to ensure coordination and efficiency in how the distinctive responsibilities of each of these agencies meshes with the responsibilities of the other agencies. This paper outlines the particular framework for contingency planning used in the United Kingdom and introduces the concept of responsibility models as a means of depicting the key features of contingency plans. A case study of a flooding emergency is used to illustrate the proposed approach to responsibility modeling. 13 figures and 37 references
Main Term(s): Police emergency planning
Index Term(s): Emergency procedures; Foreign police; Interagency cooperation; Models; Police emergency procedures; Police planning
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