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NCJ Number: 228604 Find in a Library
Title: Classes of Socio-technical Hazards: Microscopic and Macroscopic Scales of Risk Analysis
Journal: Risk Management  Volume:11  Issue:3-4  Dated:July/October 2009  Pages:208-240
Author(s): Stuart Anderson; Massimo Felici
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 33
Publisher: http://www.palgrave.com 
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This paper draws on accounts of risk that contribute to an interdisciplinary understanding of emerging technological risk, i.e., how a specific technology exposes society to different threats or hazards.
Abstract: The social aspects of technology, i.e., how groups and individuals interact with and use the technology enhances the understanding of emerging technological risk. This paper divides these risks into three classes: “boundary” hazards, “evolutionary” hazards, and “performativity” hazards. “Boundary” hazards highlight the vulnerabilities of organizational boundaries. Technology often exposes organizations to the propagation of hazards across organizational boundaries that stretch the limits of control and security capabilities. “Evolutionary” hazards emerge due to a lack of control over how technologies will be used or applied in particular social and commercial contexts. Social networks extend technology and expose organizations to emerging hazards. “Performativity” hazards occur as particular groups establish social links via technology that hardens social networks and creates homogeneous communities based in particular technologies of communication. This poses the risk of reducing diversity and structural resilience. In identifying these new classes of socio-technical hazards, this paper provides a framework that enhances microscopic and macroscopic levels of risk analysis. 2 figures, 18 notes, and 85 references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Risk management; Science and Technology; Social change; Social conditions; Social control; Technology transfer
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=250624

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