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NCJ Number: 228624 Find in a Library
Title: Depressive Symptoms and School Burnout During Adolescence: Evidence From Two Cross-Lagged Longitudinal Studies
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:38  Issue:10  Dated:November 2009  Pages:1316-1327
Author(s): Katariina Salmela-Aro; Hannu Savolainen; Leena Holopainen
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Academy of Finland
00501 Helsinki, Finland
Jacobs Foundation
Grant Number: 12103129;7213486
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data collected at ages 15-19 in two three-wave longitudinal studies in Finland, this research determined the extent to which middle and late adolescents’ depressive symptoms predicted their later school burnout, and, in turn, the extent to which school burnout predicted depressive symptoms.
Abstract: The research found that school burnout (feeling overwhelmed by schoolwork, cynicism toward the value of school, and inadequacy in schoolwork) and depressive symptoms (feeling sad and hopeless about the future) showed moderate stability during the transition from comprehensive school to their subsequent education track and across the 3 years of secondary education. Both studies that composed the research showed that school burnout predicted subsequent depressive symptoms more strongly than depressive symptoms predicted school burnout; however, cumulative cycles between school burnout and depressive symptoms were also found. The authors advise that school burnout both during middle and late adolescence should be taken seriously, as it can lead to subsequent depressive symptoms. The first study involved 611 15 year-olds at time 1, 614 at time 2, and 725 at time 3. The participants completed the School Burnout Inventory and a measure of depressive symptoms twice during their final term of comprehensive school and once after the transition to upper secondary high school or vocational school. The second study involved 17 year-olds whose school burnout and depressive symptoms were measured three times annually (474 at time 1, 412 at time 2, and 414 at time 3) during their 3 years of secondary education. 2 tables, 4 figures, and 51 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Childhood depression; Finland; Foreign criminal justice research; Juvenile delinquency research; Longitudinal studies; School maladjustment
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