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NCJ Number: 228628 Find in a Library
Title: Associations Between Smoking and Extreme Dieting Among Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:38  Issue:10  Dated:November 2009  Pages:1364-1373
Author(s): Dong-Chul Seo; Nan Jiang
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the link between cigarette smoking and dieting behavior, as well as trends in any association among U.S. adolescents in grades 9-12 between 1999 and 2007.
Abstract: The study found that extreme dieting was an independent predictor of smoking. Extreme dieting involved going without eating for 24 hours or more in the past 30 days in order to lose weight or keep from gaining it, the taking of diet aids during the past 30 days, and inducing vomiting or taking laxatives to lose weight. Extreme dieters showed a higher variability in smoking behavior than their peers. The trend analysis showed that the magnitude of the association between smoking and extreme dieting was smaller in recent years among adolescents, but remained unchanged among non-overweight girls over the same period. These findings suggest that when adolescent smoking behavior is examined, the intensity of dieting behavior should be considered, along with other co-occurring unhealthy behaviors. The study analyzed the Youth Risk Behavior Survey datasets, using the multivariable logistic regression method. The sample size of each year of the survey ranged from 13,554 to 15,273, with girls composing 49-51 percent of the total sample (71,854). Approximately 62 percent of the study participants were White, and 14 percent were Black. Prevalence estimates of current smoking and corresponding 95-percent confidence intervals were computed across four comparison groups based on gender and body weight. 3 tables, 1 figure, and 38 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile health services
Index Term(s): Dietary influences on behavior; Drug abuse causes; Juvenile drug use; Problem behavior; Tobacco use
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