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NCJ Number: 228656 Find in a Library
Title: Does Out-of-Home Placement Mediate the Relationship Between Child Maltreatment and Adult Criminality?
Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:14  Issue:4  Dated:November 2009  Pages:344-355
Author(s): Sarah DeGue; Cathy Spatz Widom
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: MH49467;MH58386;86-IJ-CX-0033;89-IJ-CX-0007;HD40774;DA17842;DA10060;AA09238;AA11108
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the role of out-of-home placement as a mediator of adult criminality.
Abstract: The results of this study showed a neutral or slightly positive effect on adult criminality compared to no placement, consistent with earlier findings for the same sample using criminal history data. However, prior delinquency and placement instability were significant risk factors for adult criminality. Gender, not race, was identified as a significant moderator of the relationship between placement and adult criminality. The results of the study suggest that it may be time to move beyond a one-size-fits-all understanding of the short- and long-term criminal effects of childhood abuse and neglect and the interventions intended to prevent those consequences. Most research to date examining child welfare placement as a mediator between childhood maltreatment and criminal behavior has examined shorter-term outcomes related to juvenile delinquency. This study of 772 maltreated children provides an update and extension to previous research and examines, in depth, the role of placement as a mediator of adult criminality. In addition, it examines differential associations between placement and adult criminality by race and gender. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Residential child care institutions
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse; Child abuse as crime factor; Child emotional abuse and neglect; Child placement services; Criminality prediction; Foster homes; Group homes
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