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NCJ Number: 228712 Find in a Library
Title: Stable Early Maternal Report of Behavioral Inhibition Predicts Lifetime Social Anxiety Disorder in Adolescence
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:48  Issue:9  Dated:September 2009  Pages:928-935
Author(s): Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, Ph.D.; Kathryn Amey Degnan, Ph.D.; Daniel S. Pine, M.D.; Koraly Perez-Edgar, Ph.D.; Heather A. Henderson, Ph.D.; Yamalis Diaz, M.A.; Veronica L. Raggi, Ph.D.; Nathan A. Fox, Ph.D.
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: R01MH074454;R01 HD017899
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used a prospective longitudinal design to determine whether stable early behavioral inhibition predicted the presence of psychiatric disorders and continuous levels of social anxiety in adolescents.
Abstract: The study provides evidence that maternal-reported stable behavioral inhibition (BI) across infancy and early childhood is associated with increased risk for clinically meaningful social anxiety disorder (SAD) diagnoses in adolescence. The finding has important implications for the early identification and prevention of social anxiety. Approximately 15 to 20 percent of children can be classified as behaviorally inhibited during early childhood. This temperamental style involves the tendency to show signs of fear, reticence, or wariness in response to unfamiliar situations and to withdraw from unfamiliar peers. This study extends existing literature examining temperament as a predictor of adolescent psychopathology by using multiple assessments for temperament in infancy and early childhood and following participants into adolescence, the period of greatest risk for SAD onset, and the point at which data demonstrate robust relatively stable trajectories or anxiety disorders into adulthood. Participants of the study consisted of 126 adolescents aged 14 to 16 years. Figure, tables, and references
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Behavior patterns; Deviance; Individual behavior; Interpersonal relations; Social network analysis; Sociology
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