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NCJ Number: 228726 Find in a Library
Title: Moderating Variables of the Sexual Victim to Offender Cycle in Males
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:14  Issue:5  Dated:September/October 2009  Pages:382-387
Author(s): Tracy A. Thomas; William Fremouw
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 6
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This article presents a critical review of the literature regarding moderators of the sexual victim to offender cycle.
Abstract: This review indicates that post-abuse (masturbation, fantasy, and pleasure) and family factors (parental loss, family support, and experiencing multiple forms of abuse) have the greatest support as moderators of the sexual victim to offender cycle in males. The most common weakness in the literature reviewed is the vague definition of variables; particularly many studies do not adequately define childhood sexual abuse in a specific, objective manner. One of the most commonly explored outcomes of male childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is later sexual victimization. However, this review focuses on victims of CSA and seeks to elucidate factors that increase the likelihood that male victims of CSA will go on to sexually offend. This article presents a comprehensive, critical review of the literature regarding moderators of the victim to offender cycle. Each study in the review is appraised in chronological order. The methodological strengths and weaknesses of each study are presented and conclusions are made regarding the moderators with the strongest empirical basis. Clinical implications and directions for future research are suggested. Figure and references
Main Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child Sexual Abuse; Literature reviews; Long term health effects of child abuse; Male offenders; Male sexual abuse victims; Sexual assault victims
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