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NCJ Number: 228761 Find in a Library
Title: Dodging the Pitfalls of Noble Cause Corruption and the Intelligence Unit
Journal: Police Chief  Volume:76  Issue:10  Dated:October 2009  Pages:124,126,128,130
Author(s): Thomas J. Martinelli
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 4
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article analyzes ways in which police intelligence units can be infected by and remedy "noble cause corruption" (NCC), which consists of officers violating individuals' constitutional rights under the rationalization of serving the "noble cause" of identifying and convicting people perceived by officers as dangerous to the public.
Abstract: The mission of intelligence-led policing (ILP) is to collect, analyze, and disseminate intelligence data in an effort to thwart the next terrorist attack or prevent the commission of a major felony. This effort, however, is constrained by the constitutionally mandated privacy rights of individuals. This pertains to individuals' interests in preventing the inappropriate collection, use, and release of personally identifiable information. Privacy interests include personal behavior, privacy of personal communications, and privacy of personal data. Crime due to NCC in the violation of privacy rights is not as explicit as planting tangible evidence. Rather, it is the implication of suspicious behavior related to the planning of serious crimes by planting prejudicial ideas, negative profiling, labeling, applying preconceived notions, and making judgments based on religious beliefs. The selection and framing of the information provided in intelligence reports must be carefully edited, challenged, and sworn to before it is entered into any intelligence database. Unsubstantiated fishing expeditions by law enforcement agencies violate both the U.S. Constitution and the public's trust. Without a system of accountability for ILP, the secrecy of ILP can be a cover for human error or NCC. Zealously adhering to the philosophical tenets of policing reinforces subordinates' commitment to the profession, reinforces the importance of constitutionally restrictive privacy guidelines, and bolsters the commitment to and demand for professional policing. 21 notes
Main Term(s): Police corruption
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism intelligence; Intelligence acquisition; Intelligence analysis; Intelligence units; Police intelligence operations; Police legal limitations; Right of privacy
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