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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 228779 Find in a Library
Title: Detection of Staphylococcus Aureus Including MRSA on Environmental Surfaces in a Jail Setting
Journal: Journal of Correctional Health Care  Volume:15  Issue:4  Dated:October 2009  Pages:310-317
Author(s): Marilyn Felkner, DrPH; Kiersten Andrews; Leanne H. Field, Ph.D.; Jeffery P. Taylor, M.P.H.; Tamara Baldwin; Ana Maria Valle-Rivera, Ph.D.; Jessica Presley; Sky Newsome; Eric Casey
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Texas Dept of State Health Services
Austin, TX 78714-9347
University of Texas
Austin, TX 78712
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the role of contaminated environmental surfaces in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (S.) aureus (MRSA) transmission in correctional settings.
Abstract: Results found S. aureus and MRSA in the jail environment. Swabs recovered S. aureus from 10 surfaces (7.6 percent); 8 isolates (6.1 percent) were MRSA. Additionally, tests were conducted on pulsed-field gel electrophoresis on six resistant isolates resulting in the observation of three patterns, one of which was identical to that identified in a previous study of inmates’ nasal specimens. Finding MRSA-contaminated surfaces on a variety of environmental surfaces in the absence of an overt outbreak emphasizes that correctional facilities should have infection control guidelines that include protocols for environmental surface cleaning. Such guidelines should include routine cleaning of surfaces in bathroom and living areas and shared equipment with a bleach solution or an Environmental Protection Agency-registered disinfectant, inspecting living and bathroom areas routinely and rectifying any lapses in sanitation, and covering vehicle seats with an impermeable disposable sheet when transporting infected inmates. Data were collected by swabbing 132 surfaces. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Correctional facilities; Decontamination
Index Term(s): Correctional facility inspections; Diseases; Inmate health care; Occupational safety and health
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