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NCJ Number: 228791 Find in a Library
Title: Development of an Actuarial Risk Assessment Instrument for U.S. Pretrial Services
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:73  Issue:2  Dated:September 2009  Pages:33-36
Author(s): Christopher T. Lowenkamp; Jay Whetzel
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 4
Document: HTML
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article provides an argument in favor of risk assessment in the Federal pretrial system and a description of the process used to develop a proposed pretrial risk instrument.
Abstract: During the last 5 to 10 years, the rate of pretrial release detention has steadily increased. Sixty percent of the growth can be attributed to a steadily increasing risk of the defendants being charged in Federal court. This is the context in which the adoption of a risk prediction tool should be considered. The pretrial risk instrument presented provides a quick and accurate way for Federal pretrial services officers to begin to develop an empirical understanding of the risk posed by pretrial defendants. The adoption of an actuarial tool allows for the ability to more effectively assess defendant risk and improve the recommendations made to the court. The next step in the process of implementing a pretrial risk assessment will be full use of the information provided by the instrument in structuring recommendations about release and conditions of release. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Pretrial services agencies
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; Dangerousness; Federal courts; Federal prisoners; Instrument validation; Recidivism; Testing and measurement
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