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NCJ Number: 228814 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Internet Crimes Against Children: A Matrix and Summary of Major Federal and Select State Case Law
Author(s): Marieke Lewis; Patrick Miller; Alice R. Buchalter
Corporate Author: Library of Congress
Federal Research Division
United States of America
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 207
Sponsoring Agency: Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20540
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 09-12-9699119-002
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In an effort to determine how Federal and State statutes that impose civil and criminal penalties for Internet crimes against children have been interpreted by the courts, as well as how effectively they have been enforced, this study analyzed Federal and State case law adjudicated pursuant to these statutes.
Abstract: This review and analysis of selected State and Federal law and cases regarding Internet crimes against children show that although current State and Federal legislation is being enforced, the States and the Federal Government must enact new legislation that keeps pace with changing technology. Adding "electronic communications devices" to existing statutes may bring a more uniform standard of law for all States and enable law enforcement officers to target electronic communication technology used by predators to solicit minors, engage in child pornography, and harass and bully minors. Often, records of Internet criminal activity are being used as evidence in criminal proceedings for other crimes, but not as the basis for criminal prosecution. Based on this review of Federal and select State statutes, there apparently are adequate laws that address the crimes of solicitation and child pornography, but not a sufficient number of laws that specifically target the growing phenomenon of cyber harassment and bullying. The State laws and court cases pertain to California, Connecticut, Florida, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania, since they have enacted major legislation in the area of Internet crimes against children. Using a July 2009 study of the relevant Federal and State laws and searching the Lexis database, researchers linked the Federal and State laws with major Federal and State court decisions in compiling this report. The analysis is presented in chart and narrative form.
Main Term(s): Court studies
Index Term(s): California; Child Pornography; Child victims; Computer related crime; Connecticut; Federal legislation; Florida; Michigan; Missouri; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; NIJ final report; NIJ grant-related documents; North Carolina; Pennsylvania; Sex offenses; State laws
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