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NCJ Number: 228817 Find in a Library
Title: Epidemic of Petit Corruption in Contemporary Cambodia: Causes, Consequences and Solutions
Journal: Crime Prevention and Community Safety  Volume:11  Issue:4  Dated:October 2009  Pages:277-296
Author(s): Gary Feinberg
Date Published: October 2009
Page Count: 20
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the nature, magnitude, and seriousness of “unofficial fees” and other forms of corruption in Cambodia, which is still feeling the effects of Pol Pot's genocidal regime (1975-79), which destroyed the country’s intellectual resources and its economy, along with its social identity.
Abstract: In 2006, Cambodia was ranked the 13th most corrupt nation among a field of 163 countries. It is estimated that $330 million in U.S. dollars is spent by Cambodia’s private sector in the form of so-called “unofficial fees,” which consist of bribes and kickbacks to various government officials. Other forms of corruption include kickbacks to employers and hiring agents; businesses buying or renting children from poor parents; land-grabbing; and various types of corruption in education, health care, and housing. Numerous factors are responsible for Cambodia’s pervasive corruption. These include a cumbersome and highly politicized bureaucracy; a lack of transparency in the regulatory administration; weak internal and external accountability mechanisms; low civil service salaries (less than 20 percent of the living wage); failure to control nepotism and conflict of interest in both the public and private sectors; failure to produce and implement an effective anticorruption law that requires fiscal asset disclosure by public officials; and a low level of public access to official information or involvement in the political process. Other factors are a political culture that uses the rhetoric of anticorruption but fails to implement effective anticorruption measures and failure to enact a freedom-of-information law. This study examined the impact of corruption on Cambodia’s economy and proposes policies and strategies for controlling crime and corruption in Cambodia. 38 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Bribery; Cambodian; Corruption of public officials; Law reform; Police corruption; Political influences; Social reform
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