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NCJ Number: 228851 Find in a Library
Title: Relationship Between Violence and Youth Suicide Indicators Among Asian American and Pacific Islander Youth
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:14  Issue:6  Dated:November/December 2009  Pages:470-477
Author(s): Iwalani R.N. Else; Deborah A. Goebert; Cathy K. Bell; Barry Carlton; Michael Fukuda
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between interpersonal violence and suicide indicators among Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) adolescents.
Abstract: The rates of suicidality were alarming with 20 percent of youths considering suicide, 18 percent making a plan for suicide, and 11 percent attempting suicide. Findings suggest that the Teen Power and Control Wheel which is most often used by counselors to educate youth about the stages of dating violence, may also be a useful tool for understanding the relationship between interpersonal violence and suicide among AAPI youth. Although no ethnic differences in suicidal indicators were found, the sample was predominantly Filipino and Native Hawaiian youth, suggesting these groups are at extremely high-risk. Socio-cultural practices may explain suicidality among indigenous Pacific Islander youth, including Western role designations that do not match traditional family roles, with males being particularly alienated. Through acculturative stress (loss of land, language, customs, and much of its culture and population), Native Hawaiians have historical legacies that contribute to ongoing intergenerational trauma, unresolved grief, and historical trauma response often linked with self-destructive behaviors like suicide, substance abuse, depression, anxiety, and anger. The acculturative stress hypothesis can also play a role in the elevated suicide rates among Filipino youth as they struggle with immigration to a new country, parents with English as a second language who often work multiple jobs, and limited financial resources and family support. Data were collected from 881 students in grades 9-12, from 2 high schools on the island of O'ahu, HI. Tables, figure, appendix, and references
Main Term(s): Asian Americans; Suicide causes
Index Term(s): Behavior under stress; Dating Violence; Immigrants/Aliens; Socioculture
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