skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 228908 Find in a Library
Title: Utility and Challenges of Using ICD Codes in Child Maltreatment Research: A Review of Existing Literature
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:33  Issue:11  Dated:November 2009  Pages:791-808
Author(s): Debbie Scott; Lil Tonmyr; Jenny Fraser; Sue Walker; Kirsten McKenzie
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 18
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This review explores the extent to which the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) has been used in child abuse research.
Abstract: The literature review highlights both the utility and challenges of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) coded data. ICD codes have been widely used to conduct research into child abuse in health data systems. The codes appear to be used primarily to identify diagnoses and conduct further research to identify child abuse patterns within those diagnoses and/or identify instances of child abuse by using the ICD codes assigned for maltreatment or external cause of assault and conduct the research on those children identified as being abused. However, a significant limitation to the use of ICD codes alone in child abuse research is that child maltreatment has been found to be underestimated. This study illustrates that quality and consistency of data underpin research initiatives in providing data to monitor and evaluate the incidence of child abuse. The ICD is the standard system used to classify health conditions in health datasets, such as morbidity and mortality data. This paper reviews the use of ICD in child abuse research: how is the ICD used in child abuse research in health databases; how has the ICD system been applied; and what factors have been identified that affect the reliability of ICD coded data in child abuse research? Tables and references
Main Term(s): Convention on the Rights of the Child
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child emotional abuse and neglect; Child protection laws; Literature reviews
Note: For additional articles in this special issue see NCJ-228906-7 and NCJ-228909-12.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.