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NCJ Number: 228948 Find in a Library
Title: Race and Sentencing Outcomes Among Female Drug Offenders in North Carolina: An Exploratory Consideration of Earlier Case Processing Outcomes
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:32  Issue:2  Dated:2009  Pages:77-115
Author(s): Pauline K. Brennan
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 39
Sponsoring Agency: Community Building Initative
Charlotte, NC 28202
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Charlotte, NC 28223-0001
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether White women received preferential treatment at the sentencing stage and at earlier stages of case processing.
Abstract: African-American and White women came to the attention of the authorities in different ways and had notably different drug indictment charges. African-American women were more likely to receive charge severity reductions at the disposition stage than White women, and this appeared to be related to the manner in which they were apprehended by the police. Findings for differences at the sentencing stage were mixed. While African-American women were not more likely to end up incarcerated than White women, they were more likely to be given shorter community-based punishments. In addition, police interdiction strategies did not influence the sentencing outcome. Whether race predicts sentencing outcomes among women, in general and among drug offenders remains a largely unanswered question. This exploratory study attempts to add to the extant research in the area of sentencing. Specifically, it examined sentencing outcomes for a random sample of female drug offenders whose cases were disposed in one administrative drug court in a large urban jurisdiction in North Carolina in 2000. It examined whether African-American females were treated differently than White females at earlier stages of criminal justice processing, and whether these differences were related to sentencing outcomes. Tables, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Case processing
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Discrimination; Female offenders; Females; Race-punishment relationship; Racial discrimination
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