skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 228995 Find in a Library
Title: Using Propensity Score Matching to Understand the Relationship Between Gang Membership and Violent Victimization: A Research Note
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:26  Issue:4  Dated:December 2009  Pages:625-643
Author(s): Chris L. Gibson; J. Mitchell Miller; Wesley G. Jennings; Marc Swatt; Angela Gover
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 19
Publisher: http://www.taylorandfrancis.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated the nature of the gang-violent victimization relationship using Propensity Score Matching on data from the Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) longitudinal study.
Abstract: Three findings that emerged from the study included: 1) before matching was performed, gang joiners were more likely to become violently victimized than those who did not join; 2) several differences between gang and non-gang members were detected before gang members joined a gang; and 3) after successfully matching non-gang joiners with gang joiners the effect of joining a gang on subsequent violent victimization became statistically non-significant and substantively very small. The overall results showed support for the selection perspective because the relationship between joining a gang and becoming violently victimized was explained by preexisting differences that perhaps led gang members to join a gang in the first place. Despite the apparent relationship between gang membership and offending, little attention has been given to the nature of the association between gang membership and violent victimization. Using the Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) longitudinal data, a Propensity Score Matching (PSM) model was estimated to determine if selection processes into gangs precluded observation of a casual link between joining a gang and future violent victimization. Tables, figure, and references
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Gang violence; Victimization; Victimization risk; Victims of gangs; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=251022

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.