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NCJ Number: 228997 Find in a Library
Title: Where Size Matters: Agglomeration Economies of Illegal Drug Markets in Philadelphia
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:26  Issue:4  Dated:December 2009  Pages:670-694
Author(s): Travis A. Taniguchi; George F. Rengert; Eric S. McCord
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 25
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article outlines the theory of agglomeration economies as they apply to retail and criminal activities, with an analysis of agglomeration economies of illegal drug markets in Philadelphia, PA.
Abstract: The analysis determined that agglomeration economies indeed had an important impact on the spatial clustering of illegal drug dealers in Philadelphia, implying that focused police attention to remove these economically favorable places would result in the diffusion of benefits as prior research discovered. Agglomeration economies illustrate that taking the largest and most profitable site from illegal drug dealers will make dealing in the surrounding neighborhoods less rather than more profitable and lead to a smaller marketplace overall. Illegal drug markets remain a serious problem for American society. There is a debate over whether police attention focused on an illegal drug market causes dealers to spatially displace their activities, resulting in no positive impact on the aggregate level of illegal drug sales in the city. The alternative perspective is that focused police attention lowers the rate of illegal drug sales in the city. Recent urban research demonstrates that focused police attention does not simply move illegal drug dealing around the corner. This analysis explains the commonality of this finding in other cities, specifically Philadelphia, PA. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Drug law offenses
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Drug manufacturing; Economic analysis of crime; Pennsylvania; Police crime-prevention; Urban area studies; Urban criminality
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