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NCJ Number: 228998 Find in a Library
Title: Low Self-Control and Contact with the Criminal Justice System in a Nationally Representative Sample of Males
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:26  Issue:4  Dated:December 2009  Pages:695-715
Author(s): Kevin M. Beaver; Matt DeLisi; Daniel P. Mears; Eric Stewart
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
Grant Number: P01-HD31921
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between self-control and criminal justice system contacts in a nationally representative sample of males.
Abstract: Results of the study suggest that, among offenders who come into contact with the criminal justice system, those with lower levels of self-control are at greater risk of being arrested and convicted. There is a self-control penalty that results in a greater likelihood of formal processing and sanctioning. One of the most prominent criminological theories to emerge in recent decades is self-control theory. Specifically, the very factor that the theory argues should give rise to crime, low self-control, is one that may very well confer a greater likelihood of being caught and sanctioned. The question that arises is whether individuals with lower levels of self-control are, in fact, more likely to be arrested and, be convicted relative to individuals with higher levels of self-control. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the hypothesis that low self-control will predict greater contact and formal processing is tested. Figure, tables, references, and appendix
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Behavior patterns; Deviance; Individual behavior; Interpersonal maturity; Male offenders; Motivation; Offender profiles; Personality assessment
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