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NCJ Number: 229011 Find in a Library
Title: Israeli Model for Policing Terrorism: Goals, Strategies, and Open Questions
Journal: Criminal Justce and Behavior  Volume:36  Issue:12  Dated:December 2009  Pages:1259-1278
Author(s): David Weisburd; Tal Jonathan; Simon Perry
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Reponses to Terrorism (START)
College Park, MD 20742
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Homeland Security
Washington, DC 20528
Grant Number: N00140510629;Z909601
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes the Israeli model for policing terrorism.
Abstract: Israel uses a national model of policing in which all police units are commanded by the commissioner of police, who is appointed by the government following the recommendation of the minister of public security. The overarching goal of the Israeli homeland security model is implemented by the police through three activities: the early prevention, interdiction, and treatment of sources of terrorism; response activities once a terrorist attack has been launched; and the response after the attack has occurred. In performing these duties, policing terrorism aims to minimize the impacts of terrorism on the daily routines of Israeli citizens. In assessing the effectiveness of the Israeli model for policing terrorism, researchers must take into account the various outcomes that define effectiveness. They must not only take into account whether terrorist attacks are prevented, but also whether police strategies and actions have reduced the impacts of terrorist attacks that have not been prevented. The analysis of the effectiveness of the counterterrorism model of policing must also recognize that policing terrorism may have consequences for other police functions, such as the control of traditional crime and services to the public. The multifaceted strategies of policing that are designed to address the broad spectrum of crime types, including terrorism, are inevitably influenced by the amount of resources that are available to the police. When resources are limited, as they usually are, priorities must be assigned to various threats to public safety based on the magnitude and consequences of various crime threats. As police agencies around the world rush to improve their counterterrorism strategies, it is critical that these homeland-security strategies be clearly defined, along with the potential negative consequences that a focus on counterterrorism may have for other police public safety commitments. 7 notes and 79 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism intelligence; Counter-terrorism tactics; Counter-terrorism training; Foreign police; Israel; NIJ grant-related documents; Police counter-terrorism training; Police crime-prevention; Police emergency procedures; Police intelligence operations; Police responsibilities
Note: For additional articles in this issue, see NCJ-229010 and NCJ-229012-14.
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