skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 229015 Find in a Library
Title: Exposure of Children to Sexual Content on the Internet in Croatia
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:23  Issue:12  Dated:December 2009  Pages:849-856
Author(s): Gordana Buljan Flander; Ivana Cosic; Bruna Profaca
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This Croatian study determined the prevalence of the exposure of children and youth to sexual content and inappropriate sexual questions on the Internet, as well as their emotional and behavioral reactions subsequent to such exposures.
Abstract: The study found that 27 percent of a sample of 2,880 children and youth ages 10-16 who identified themselves as Internet users had been exposed to Internet messages with sexual content, mostly involving images of human nudity and sexual activity. Boys were more likely than girls to receive these message, usually in unsolicited e-mails from unknown sources or from friends. Exposure to Internet sexual content increased with age; 20 percent of the recipients were young, 27 percent medium-age, and 43 percent older children and youth. Seventy-eight percent of the sample used chat rooms on the Internet; 28 percent of these chat-room users were asked intimate details during chat sessions, with girls reporting significantly more exposure to such questions than boys. These questions involved direct requests for sexual activities and conversations outside the chat room on the phone or in person. Nearly one-half of the boys and one-third of the girls exposed to messages with sexual content did not confide to anyone about their experience. Thirty-two percent of boys and 47 percent of girls confided their experience to friends; 15 percent of boys and 25 percent of girls told their parents about the messages. The most reported behavioral reaction to receiving such messages was to open the message, read it, and delete it. Girls deleted the messages more often than boys. One-fourth of the children had a disturbing emotional reaction. After being asked about intimate details during a chat session, 27 percent of the participants reported feelings of trepidation, shame, and fear. These feelings were most often experienced by girls and younger children. 3 tables and 8 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Computer related crime; Criminal methods; Croatia; Pornography; Psychological victimization effects; Victims in foreign countries
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.