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NCJ Number: 229019 Find in a Library
Title: Parental Perceptions of Neighborhood Processes, Stress, Personal Control, and Risk for Physical Child Abuse and Neglect
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:33  Issue:12  Dated:December 2009  Pages:897-906
Author(s): Neil B. Guterman; Shawna J. Lee; Catherine A. Taylor; Paul J. Rathouz
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: R01 HD41141-02;R49-CE000915-02
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS) - a longitudinal birth cohort study of families in 20 U.S. cities with populations of 200,000 or more - examined whether mothers’ individual perceptions of their neighborhood social processes predicted their risk for perpetrating physical child abuse and neglect directly and/or indirectly through pathways that involved parents’ reported stress and sense of personal control in the parenting role.
Abstract: The study found that although perceived negative neighborhood processes (social disorder and a lack of informal social cohesion) might not have a clear, directly observable role in mothers’ risk for perpetrating physical child abuse and no direct role in the commission of child neglect, these perceptions had a discernable indirect role in predicting the risk for physical child abuse and neglect through parenting stress and personal control pathways. Parenting stress exerted the clearest direct role on the risk for both physical abuse and neglect. This predictor model did not differ significantly across ethnic groups. These findings suggest the importance of targeting parents’ sense of control and stress in relation to their immediate social environment in reducing the risk for perpetrating physical child abuse and neglect. In-home and phone interviews were conducted with a national birth cohort of 3,356 mothers across 20 U.S. cities when the index child was 3 years old. Mothers’ perceptions of neighborhood social processes, parenting stress, and personal control were examined as predictors. Three subscales of the Parent-To-Child Conflict Tactics Scale were used as proxies of the risk for physical child abuse and neglect. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test direct and indirect pathways from perceived neighborhood processes to proxy measures of physical child abuse and neglect. Multiple group SEM was conducted to test for differences across major ethnic groups: African-American, Hispanic, and White. 3 tables, 2 figures, and 50 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse causes; Neighborhood; Parent education; Parental attitudes; Parental influence; Social conditions; Stress management
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