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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229029 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Gang Violence and Guns: Data Collection in California
Author(s): Josh Sugarmann; Tom Diaz
Corporate Author: Violence Policy Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: February 2009
Page Count: 62
Sponsoring Agency: California Wellness Foundation
Woodland Hills, CA 91367
Violence Policy Ctr
Washington, DC 20036
Sale Source: Violence Policy Ctr
1730 Rhode Island Avenue, NW
Suite 1014
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report on gun-related youth gang violence in California presents data on such violence for 2007 and over the period 1998-2007, followed by descriptions of select databases in California that contain information on firearms and/or gangs; findings from the Violence Policy Center's (VPC's) survey of California law enforcement agencies regarding their collection of data on firearms and gang violence; and a discussion of information needed for effective policy.
Abstract: Data for 2007 on the incidence of homicides and the debilitating effects of gang violence in California show the devastating role that firearms play in such violence. California homicide data covering 1998 to 2007 show that the percentage of homicides in which the contributing circumstance was gang-related increased from 22 percent to 32.7 percent over this period. One category of California data source on firearms and/or gangs consists of the California Department of Justice databases that contain information related to firearm purchases, possession, or eligibility for firearm purchases. A second data source consists of select California Department of Justice databases that contain crime, gang, or firearms information unrelated to firearm transfers. A third data source is composed of select California Department of Public Health databases that contain crime, gang, or firearm information unrelated to firearm transfers. Each of the databases within the three aforementioned broad categories are described according to the data it contains and who is authorized to access the information. Data from the VPC survey of California law enforcement agencies regarding their collection of information on gang violence found that of the 136 responding agencies, 66 reported that they "collect information linking specific firearms to use or possession by individuals involved in gang violence." The report concludes that regardless of the approach taken, there is a desire and need for more accurate and comprehensive data on youth gang violence and firearms. 45 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Data collections; Databases; Firearm tracing; Firearm-crime relationships; Firearms deaths; Firearms identification; Gang violence; Homicide; Homicide trends; Illicit firearms
Note: Downloaded December 14, 2009
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