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NCJ Number: 229072 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Violence in Street Crime: A Qualitative Study of Violent Offenders
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:53  Issue:6  Dated:December 2009  Pages:617-633
Author(s): Trevor Bennett; Fiona Brookman
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
Swindon SN2 1UJ,
Grant Number: RES-000-22-0398
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the motives for street violence.
Abstract: The motives for violent street crime are wide ranging. Results show that violence in robbery was often used to achieve the material goals of the offense (to steal money or goods) by ensuring compliance and by overcoming resistance. Also found was that violence in assault was used purposively to achieve the immediate goal of harming the victim. In both cases, violence was used in ways that could be directly attributed to the successful commission of the offense. In other cases, violence performed additional functions, such as enhancing the status of the offender, generating a reputation for toughness on the street, providing a response to challenges to masculinity, giving an outlet for aggression and the desire to fight, and as a means of administering retaliation and revenge through informal justice; violence of this kind is used as an expression of a value system that condones violent behavior. Data were collected from interviews with 55 violent street offenders who were serving sentences for street robbery and assault in 6 prisons in the United Kingdom. References
Main Term(s): United Kingdom (UK); Violent crimes
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Informal social control; Robbery; Violent offenders
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