skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 229087 Find in a Library
Title: Homicide Patterns and Public Housing: The Case of Louisville, KY (1989-2007)
Journal: Homicide Studies  Volume:13  Issue:4  Dated:November 2009  Pages:411-433
Author(s): Geetha Suresh; Gennaro F. Vito
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 23
Publisher: http://www.sagepub.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact of the revitalization of low-income, public housing properties on homicide patterns in Louisville, KY, for 1989-2007.
Abstract: The study concludes that low-income public housing and Section 8 housing properties provide an environment conducive to homicides. This pattern remained even when the nature of public housing changed. The reform designed to provide affordable housing in the form of new single-family homes, rental apartments, and townhouses was based on the principle of "new urbanization," which promotes inner city neighborhood stability by encouraging the disadvantaged to develop a sense of pride in their neighborhood through home ownership. Crime, specifically homicide, became displaced to where the low-income residents were relocated. Homicide was simply moved to a new location, not eliminated. The revitalization of low-income housing shifted the homicide occurrence to other socially disorganized areas that continued to promote the growth of the urban underclass. Public housing residents are exposed to an elevated risk of victimization that may also cause them to become more isolated through fear. Under routine activities theory, public housing properties typically feature a number of variables that could provide an opportunity for motivated offenders to commit homicide. In public housing, guardianship is weakened by a majority of single-parent households in low-income neighborhoods. Coupled with social disorganization theory, neighborhood distress and the availability of suitable targets elevate homicide patterns in both public and Section 8 housing. Although the low-income public housing itself may be safe, it draws offenders to vulnerable victims and produces an elevated crime risk. If public housing residents constitute vulnerable victims, public housing policy and revitalization should focus on providing defensible space that protects tenants. If public housing residents are the offenders due to socioeconomic factors, the focus should be on bringing economic growth and development to public housing areas. 4 tables, 9 figures, 3 notes, and 73 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Homicide; Homicide causes; Homicide trends; Kentucky; Opportunity theory; Public housing; Social organization; Victimization risk
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=251114

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.