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NCJ Number: 229193 Find in a Library
Title: Differential Effects of an Offender-Focused Crime Prevention Media Campaign
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:37  Issue:6  Dated:November-December 2009  Pages:608-616
Author(s): Jamie L. Flexon; Rob T. Guerette
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 9
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using national survey data from the offender-focused "Buzzed Driving is Drunk Driving" campaign, this study used a series of binary logistic regression models in examining whether there were differential impact effects of the campaign, as well as to examine the association between beliefs and drunk-driving behavior.
Abstract: After controlling for the demographic and perceptual variables, whether or not respondents were exposed to the campaign did not reduce personal perceptions of whether they would drive drunk or whether they actually did drive drunk. It is possible that the exposure to the campaign had no impact because people may not agree with the view that "Buzzed Driving is Drunk Driving." If subjects failed to accept this message, then perhaps no amount of exposure would influence their perception about the probability or the actuality of the behavior. A second unpredicted finding was that age was only barely, positively, and significantly related to perceptions of not driving drunk among the general market sample and was not significantly related in any of the other models. As expected, males had greater odds of actually driving drunk compared to females among both the general sample and the targeted sample, yet had lower odds of believing that they would drive drunk. The disconnect between belief and behavior revealed in this study complemented similar disparities found in victim-focused media campaign effects. This suggests that altering beliefs alone is insufficient for preventing problem behaviors, whether as a victim or an offender. The campaign was initiated in December of 2005 in an effort to impact drunk driving during the holiday season, but the campaign continued through the year and beyond. Ads were disseminated to media outlets nationwide. Data for assessing the campaign's effectiveness were obtained through a national opt-in panel with access to just over 2 million U.S. households. 3 tables, 4 notes, and 30 references
Main Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drunk driver programs; Offender attitudes
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