skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 229219 Find in a Library
Title: Co-Offending and the Development of the Delinquent Career
Journal: Criminology  Volume:47  Issue:4  Dated:November 2009  Pages:1295-1330
Author(s): Peter J. Carrington
Date Published: November 2009
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: Social Sciences Research Council
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the role of co-offending in the development of the delinquent career.
Abstract: All four hypotheses tested were supported. In the first hypothesis, co-offending was most common at onset and decreases thereafter in most careers. The test of hypothesis 2 concerning the relationship of co-offending and criminal experience resulted in the discovery of two types of offenders or delinquent careers: high-activity offenders with eight or more recorded offenses in their career, and low-activity offenders, with seven or fewer offenses. Consistent with hypotheses 3 and 4 the prevalence of co-offending decreases with the age of the offender, except during childhood, and varies by the type of offense. The hypotheses tested were derived from Reiss's (1986, 1988) taxonomic theory of co-offending using police-reported data on the delinquent careers and co-offending of 55,336 Canadian offenders. The police-reported data was used on many young offenders and co-offenders to investigate the role of co-offending in the development of the delinquent career and to test hypotheses derived from Reiss's theory. The four hypotheses tested include 1) there are two types of delinquents who are distinguished both by their levels of criminal activity and by the role that co-offending plays in their delinquent careers; 2) co-offending is most common at the onset and early stages of the delinquent career; 3) the tendency to co-offend, rather than to offend alone, decreases with the offender's age; and 4) the tendency to co-offend, rather than to offend alone, varies with the type of offense. Figures, tables, references, and appendix
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Deviance; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.