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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229307 
Title: Situating Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective: Policy Travels, Transfer and Translation (From Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective, P 1-37, 2009, Adam Crawford, ed. - See NCJ-229306)
Author(s): Adam Crawford
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This chapter examines comparative differences and similarities between jurisdictions, and explores the policy convergence and divergence of crime prevention.
Abstract: In reference to crime prevention policies, this chapter includes strategies and structures, the content of policies, and the mechanisms elaborated for their delivery. A dominant interpretation and explanation of crime prevention and construction of community safety partnerships shows that they constitute the embodiment of the state authorities seeking to enlist other agencies and individuals to form chains of coordinated action, forcing crime control strategies onto other responsible groups. Central governments do not act upon crime in a direct fashion through state agencies (police, courts, prisons, social work), but instead act indirectly, seeking to activate action on the part of non-state agencies and organizations. Through the processes of hands-off government, state power is extended and enhanced. The rise of crime prevention and community safety as the product of a strategy on the part of central government authorities divest themselves of direct social control roles, and shift more of the burden for personal and collective safety on to individuals and groups. Citizens, communities, and organizations are encouraged to take on greater responsibility in matters of their own and others’ safety and security. Furthermore, partnership structures have created an essence of more cooperative and coordinated relations between diverse public sector organizations and between state and non-state, as well as some private sector agencies. Tables, figures, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Jurisdiction
Index Term(s): Community Responses (crime prevention); Criminal justice system policy; Police business cooperation; State government
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