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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229313 
Title: 'Modernisation' of Institutions of Social and Penal Control in Italy/Europe: The New Crime Prevention (From Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective, P 153-176, 2009, Adam Crawford, ed. - See NCJ-229306)
Author(s): Dario Melossi; Rossella Selmini
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter locates the regional focus of developments in Italy in the context of the dominant prevailing models of crime prevention within Europe.
Abstract: This chapter highlights the influence that French and British models of crime prevention exerted on Italian developments, producing a mixed model. Drawing on Italian research findings into the implementation of crime prevention strategies, a mutation in traditional social crime prevention was determined. It outlines a shift away from the focus of social prevention on addressing structural factors that might influence offender motivation and towards quality of life and environmental concerns, victim protection, and public reassurance, as well as social prevention which increasingly serves as an auxiliary to situation crime prevention. Also highlighted is the emerging alliance between situational and developmental approaches. The chapter concludes by noting that the Italian experience reflects a wider theme of convergence across Europe with regard to crime prevention policies. Figure, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Community Responses (crime prevention); Europe
Index Term(s): Criminal justice system policy; Environmental influences; Situational crime prevention; Social control
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