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NCJ Number: 229393 Find in a Library
Title: Relationships Among Women's Use of Aggression, Their Victimization, and Substance Use Problems: A Test of the Moderating Effects of Race/Ethnicity
Journal: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma  Volume:18  Issue:6  Dated:September 2009  Pages:646-666
Author(s): Tami P. Sullivan; Courtenay E. Cavanaugh; Michelle J. Ufner; Suzanne C. Swan; David L. Snow
Date Published: September 2009
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
University of South Carolina Research Foundation
Columbia, SC 29208
Grant Number: 2001-WT-BX-0502;K23 DA019561;T32 DA019426
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether relationships among women’s aggression, their victimization, and substance use problems were moderated by race/ethnicity.
Abstract: Among women who recently were aggressive against their intimate partners, important differences among racial/ethnic groups emerged regarding levels of victimization, number of alcohol and drug use problems, and use of aggressive behavior. Furthermore, race/ethnicity moderated relationships between victimization and both alcohol and drug use problems. Racial/ethnic groups differed in their use of aggression as well as in their experiences of victimization. African-American and White women had comparable and higher levels of victimization than Latina women, while African-American and Latina women had comparable and higher levels of aggression than White women. Differences were evident regarding substance use problems with African-American women having the greatest number of alcohol use problems, while African-American and White women had comparable and higher numbers of drug use problems than Latina women. Only one significant relationship between variables existed for all groups: women’s victimization was strongly related to their use of aggression, a finding that is in line with previous research. The relationships between victimization and substance use problems were moderated by racial/ethnic group: African-American and Latina women’s victimization was related to both their alcohol and drug use problems, while White women’s victimization was unrelated to either their alcohol or drug use problems. Data were collected from 412 community women (150 African-Americans, 150 Latina, and 112 Whites) who were recently aggressive against a male partner. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Ethnicity; Violent females
Index Term(s): Black/White Crime Comparisons; Hispanic; NIJ grant-related documents; Problem behavior; Victimization
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