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NCJ Number: 229422 Find in a Library
Title: "Does It Take a Village?" Assessing Neighborhood Influences on Children’s Self-Control
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:47  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:31-62
Author(s): Chris L. Gibson; Christopher J. Sullivan; Shayne Jones; Alex R. Piquero
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 32
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether neighborhood characteristics influence self-control above and beyond parenting and individual characteristics.
Abstract: Although individuals low in self-control are more likely to engage in antisocial and criminal behavior, few studies have investigated its sources. Gottfredson and Hirschi argue that primary caregivers are largely responsible, whereas Wikström and Sampson contend that self-control is partially a function of neighborhood context. Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, the authors assessed neighborhood effects on children’s self-control. They found significant variation in self-control between neighborhoods, but it accounted for a small amount of the total variance. In the initial model, neighborhood structural characteristics had direct effects on self-control, but after taking into account individual-level characteristics, they became nonsignificant. Furthermore, parenting variables exhibited significant and consistent effects on self-control. The authors consider the theoretical implications of the findings, address limitations, and provide suggestions for future research. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Community Involvement (juvenile delinquency prevention)
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Community resources; Community support; Cultural influences; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile self concept; Neighborhood; Parental influence
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