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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229425 Find in a Library
Title: Civic Community, Population Change, and Violent Crime in Rural Communities
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:47  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:118-147
Author(s): Matthew R. Lee; Shaun A. Thomas
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 30
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the links between civic robustness, population dynamics, and violent crime in rural communities.
Abstract: This analysis investigates the relationships between measures of civic community, population change, and violent crime rates in rural communities. Rural communities that are civically robust are hypothesized to have lower violent crime rates and to experience less change in violent crime over time. Alternatively, sustained population change is hypothesized to elevate violent crime rates and to moderate the protective effect that civic robustness provides against violent crime over time. Results from both lagged panel and cross-sectional negative binomial regression models of county-level data support these expectations. In substantive terms, these findings suggest that civically robust communities are much better positioned to weather population change than civically weak communities, but continuous change over time compromises the protective effect that civic robustness provides against serious crime. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Rural crime
Index Term(s): Private sector civic involvement; Rural urban comparisons; Social change; Social change-delinquency relationship; Violent crimes
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