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NCJ Number: 229439 Find in a Library
Title: Time to Prison Return for Offenders with Serious Mental Illness Released From Prison: A Survival Analysis
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:37  Issue:2  Dated:February 2010  Pages:175-187
Author(s): Kristen G. Cloyes; Bob Wong; Seth Latimer; Jose Abarca
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 13
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared the rate of recidivism between a sample of offenders with serious mental illness (SMI)and a sample of non-SMI offenders.
Abstract: Serious mental illness (SMI) represents a major risk for repeated incarceration, yet recidivism studies often do not specifically focus on persons with SMI as compared to non-SMI offenders. The study reported here systematically identified Utah State prisoners released from 1998 to 2002 (N = 9,245) who meet criteria for SMI and compared SMI and non-SMI offenders on length of time to prison return. Findings indicate that 23 percent of the sample met criteria for SMI (n = 2,112). Moreover, survival analyses demonstrated a significant difference in return rates and community tenure for offenders with SMI compared to non-SMI offenders when controlling for demographics, condition of release, offense type, and condition of return (parole violation vs. new commitment). The median time for all SMI offenders to return to prison was 385 days versus 743 days for all non-SMI offenders, 358 days sooner (p < .001). Implications of these findings are discussed. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Mental disorders; Mentally ill offenders; Recidivism; Recidivism causes; Recidivism prediction; Utah
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