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NCJ Number: 229441 Find in a Library
Title: Contribution of Psychiatric Disorder to Juvenile Recidivism
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:37  Issue:2  Dated:February 2010  Pages:204-216
Author(s): Larkin S. McReynolds; Craig S. Schwalbe; Gail A. Wasserman
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 13
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the role of psychiatric disorder to juvenile recidivism in a sample of youths referred to probation authorities.
Abstract: Youths formally referred to probation authorities in Texas (791 male, 200 female) self-administered a structured diagnostic interview at intake. Data on demographics, offense characteristics, and reoffending (within 12 months of baseline) were extracted from official justice records. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the contribution of diagnosis to recidivism, adjusting for demographic and offense characteristics. Baseline externalizing disorders were associated with increased recidivism risk for both genders, whereas youths' recidivism risk was not influenced by anxiety disorder. Girls with comorbid substance use and affective disorder were nearly 4 times more likely to reoffend than girls with no disorder. In contrast, among males, this disorder profile was associated with only approximately half the level of recidivism risk. Results substantiate practice guidelines that recommend comprehensive mental health assessment in juvenile justice settings and identify youths with certain mental health needs who might be well served by diversion programs. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Gender issues; Juvenile probation; Juvenile recidivism prediction; Psychological theories; Recidivism; Recidivism causes; Texas
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