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NCJ Number: 229473 Find in a Library
Title: Deterrence and Fare Evasion: Results of a Natural Experiment
Journal: Security Journal  Volume:23  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:5-17
Author(s): Ronald V. Clarke; Stephane Contre; Gohar Petrossian
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 13
Document: HTML
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: Using weekly data for 163 weeks, this study examined the effect of 2 security changes on rates of Light Rail Transit (LRT) fare evasion in Edmonton, Canada.
Abstract: Before 2005, the city of Edmonton's transit security staff served only its LRT, not its buses. During 2005, the city redeployed the security staff to serve the buses as well. This meant that fewer ticket checks could be made on the LRT, which operates an "honor" system of fare collection. Subsequently, in early 2007, it was decided to issue more fines and fewer warnings for evading fares on the LRT, a decision that was not publicized. By the end of the study period, the risk of being checked for fare evasion had declined by a factor of nearly 4, whereas the risk of being fined if caught without a valid ticket increased by a factor of 15. Despite these substantial changes in levels of enforcement, no clear trends were apparent in weekly evasion rates during the entire period. Possible explanations were explored for these results, including that the changes in levels of enforcement were not perceived by potential fare evaders. The implications of the findings are discussed for situational prevention and for transit authorities using "honor" fare collection systems. 4 figures, 2 tables, 9 notes, and 28 references (Publisher Abstract)
Main Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Foreign crime prevention; Mass transit security; Transportation services
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