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NCJ Number: 229481 Find in a Library
Title: Offence Definitions for Cost of Crime Estimation Purposes
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:15  Issue:4  Dated:December 2009  Pages:343-354
Author(s): Inigo Ortiz de Urbina; Anthony Ogus
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 12
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Publisher: http://www.springer.com 
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This paper examines the various sources of differences in offense definitions across jurisdictions and the need to better understand these offense definitions when conducting a comparative analysis of crime costing.
Abstract: Studies of the costings of crime often sidestep the issue of what constitutes “crime.” This is problematic both because it fails to render explicit the policy significance of the categories of offences used in the costings exercise and because, within international and comparative contexts, differences between national definitions may give rise to misleading conclusions. In this paper we elaborate on these problems, indicating the possibilities for resolving them, thus facilitating the evaluation of the costs of crime and enabling more reliable interpretations to be placed on such evaluations. After some general observations on legal definitions of crime, we consider in turn the descriptive definitions used in criminal codes and, external to legislation, by the courts and the police. We continue by briefly considering the relevance of prescriptive definitions for crime costings. We then conclude with some indications on how the definition problem may impact on the costings of crime. References (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Crime costs
Index Term(s): Cost analysis; Costs; Crime analysis; Criminology; Definitions; Estimates; Estimating methods
Note: Special issue on the Costs of Crime, for additional information see NCJ-229479-480 and NCJ-229482-484.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=251510

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