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NCJ Number: 229483 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Reporting Decisions and the Costs of Crime
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:15  Issue:4  Dated:December 2009  Pages:365-377
Author(s): Roger Bowles; Maria Garcia Reyes; Nuno Garoupa
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 13
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This paper demonstrates that contemporary methods of economic analysis can be used to reinforce the argument that crime reporting and recording decisions can be thought of as posing a rational choice problem.
Abstract: The paper develops a model of crime reporting based on an economic approach. It identifies the principal costs and benefits of reporting from the victim’s perspective, taking account of insurance provision and the risk of intimidation by an offender. It shows how a victim might use backward induction to infer a rational reporting strategy. The recording of crime by the police is a process that relies on victim reports, and is thus influenced by the reporting decisions made by victims. The paper uses empirical evidence from the British Crime Survey and from the International Crime Victims Survey to explore the hypotheses generated by the model. It finds support for the suggestion that the propensity to report a crime increases with the size of the loss entailed. The paper also explores the implications of the findings for the estimation of the costs of crime. Reporting and intimidation costs are generally excluded from bottom-up estimates of costs, an omission that may be quite serious in the context of offences such as domestic violence. Figures, Tables and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Economic analysis of crime
Index Term(s): Citizen crime reporting; Costs; Crime costs; Economic analysis; Victimization
Note: Special issue on the Costs of Crime, for additional information see NCJ-229479-482 and NCJ-229484.
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