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NCJ Number: 229486 Find in a Library
Title: Legitimacy in Corrections: A Randomized Experiment Comparing a Boot Camp with a Prison
Journal: Criminology and Public Policy  Volume:9  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:89-117
Author(s): Derrick Franke; David Bierie; Doris Layton MacKenzie
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Maryland Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention
Baltimore, MD 21286-3016
US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2003-DB-BX-004; BYRN-2003-1063
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether perceptions of justice system legitimacy change during the course of incarceration; whether the type of correctional facility matters; and if so, why.
Abstract: The findings of the study suggest that perceptions do change and that facility type does matter, but only to the extent that the facility employs specific legitimacy-building characteristics. By increasing positive experiences, decreasing negative experiences, and limiting environmental deprivation, correctional facilities can substantially improve inmates' perceptions of justice system legitimacy. Perceptions of legitimacy can play an important role in the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. This study, with support from the U.S. Department of Justice focused on two main questions. First, do inmates' attitudes toward the justice system change during the course of their confinement; and second, if perceptions do change, then what explains the change. It also examined whether these outcomes vary by punishment regime. In particular, what role might alternatives to traditional prison, such as boot camps, play in affecting perceptions of legitimacy? The study analyzed self-report data collected from a recent experiment in which inmates were randomly assigned to serve a 6-month sentence at either a traditional prison or a military-style correctional boot camp for adults. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Inmate attitudes
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Corrections effectiveness; Intermediate sanctions; Offender attitudes; Perception; Prison climate; Shock incarceration programs
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