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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229501 Find in a Library
Title: Examination of a Process Model of Adolescent Smoking Self-Change Efforts in Relation to Gender
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:19  Issue:1  Dated:January-March 2010  Pages:48-65
Author(s): Laura MacPherson; Mark G. Myers
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program
Oakland, CA 94612-3550
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: T32 AA13525;10IT-0280
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the role of gender in the relationship of motivation and cognitive variables with adolescent smoking self-quit attempts.
Abstract: Little information describes how adolescents change their smoking behavior. This study investigated the role of gender in the relationship of motivation and cognitive variables with adolescent smoking self-change efforts. Self-report and semi-structured interview data from a prospective study of smoking self-change efforts were examined among 98 adolescent smokers ages 14 to 18 (55 percent female). Social disapproval motives and short-term consequence reasons for quitting, quit self-efficacy, and intentions to quit were modeled in relation to prospective self-quit attempts assessed at a six-month follow-up, separately by gender. Hypothesized mediating relationships were not supported although gender differences were noted. Social influence motives related to intention to quit and prospective self-quit attempts among girls. For boys, intention to quit predicted making a self-quit attempt. Findings emphasize the importance of examining adolescent models separately by gender and contribute to understanding of mechanisms involved in adolescent smoking change efforts. Figures, tables, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Adolescent chemical dependency; Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Behavioral science research; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile self concept; Tobacco use
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