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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229513 Find in a Library
Title: Conscientiousness, Protective Behavioral Strategies, and Alcohol Use: Testing for Mediated Effects
Journal: Journal of Drug Education  Volume:39  Issue:3  Dated:2009  Pages:273-287
Author(s): Matthew P. Martens; Michael A. Karakashian; Kristie M. Fleming; Roneferiti M. Fowler; E. Suzanne Hatchett; M. Dolores Cimini
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin (SAMHSA)
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: TI17319
Publisher: http://www.baywood.com 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated whether self-reported use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and both alcohol use and alcohol-related problems.
Abstract: Using data from a sample of college student drinkers, the study found that protective behavioral strategies (PBS) did mediate the relationship between conscientiousness and both alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, with higher levels of conscientiousness being associated with greater PBS use and thus associated with less alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. These findings have significance for clinicians and alcohol researchers working in the area of college drinking prevention. Data were collected from a sample of 186 undergraduate students attending a large, public university in the Northeast who were voluntarily participating in a project that involved completing an alcohol-related intervention. Participants completed the daily drinking questionnaire along with two other measures of typical alcohol consumption. The Rutgers Alcohol Problems Index (RAPI) was used as a self-report measure of alcohol-related problems; the Protective Behavioral Strategies Scale (PBSS) was used to assess cognitive-behavioral strategies designed to decrease high-risk behaviors; and the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) was used to measure the Big-Five personality domains. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to determine if PBS mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and alcohol use/alcohol-related problems. Limitations of the study are discussed along with recommendations for future research. 2 figures, 1 table, and 41 references
Main Term(s): Behavior modification
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcohol abuse education; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Alcoholism; Behavior; Behavior typologies; Behavioral science research; Campus alcohol abuse; Self-help programs; Treatment intervention model
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=251542

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