skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 229513 Find in a Library
Title: Conscientiousness, Protective Behavioral Strategies, and Alcohol Use: Testing for Mediated Effects
Journal: Journal of Drug Education  Volume:39  Issue:3  Dated:2009  Pages:273-287
Author(s): Matthew P. Martens; Michael A. Karakashian; Kristie M. Fleming; Roneferiti M. Fowler; E. Suzanne Hatchett; M. Dolores Cimini
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin (SAMHSA)
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: TI17319
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated whether self-reported use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and both alcohol use and alcohol-related problems.
Abstract: Using data from a sample of college student drinkers, the study found that protective behavioral strategies (PBS) did mediate the relationship between conscientiousness and both alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, with higher levels of conscientiousness being associated with greater PBS use and thus associated with less alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. These findings have significance for clinicians and alcohol researchers working in the area of college drinking prevention. Data were collected from a sample of 186 undergraduate students attending a large, public university in the Northeast who were voluntarily participating in a project that involved completing an alcohol-related intervention. Participants completed the daily drinking questionnaire along with two other measures of typical alcohol consumption. The Rutgers Alcohol Problems Index (RAPI) was used as a self-report measure of alcohol-related problems; the Protective Behavioral Strategies Scale (PBSS) was used to assess cognitive-behavioral strategies designed to decrease high-risk behaviors; and the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) was used to measure the Big-Five personality domains. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to determine if PBS mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and alcohol use/alcohol-related problems. Limitations of the study are discussed along with recommendations for future research. 2 figures, 1 table, and 41 references
Main Term(s): Behavior modification
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcohol abuse education; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Alcoholism; Behavior; Behavior typologies; Behavioral science research; Campus alcohol abuse; Self-help programs; Treatment intervention model
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.