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NCJ Number: 229525 Find in a Library
Title: Risky Behaviors and Depression in Conjunction With—or in the Absence of—Lifetime History of PTSD Among Sexually Abused Adolescents
Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:15  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:101-107
Author(s): Carla Kmett Danielson; Alexandra Macdonald; Ananda B. Amstadter; Rochelle Hanson; Michael A. de Arellano; Benjamin E. Saunders; Dean G. Kilpatrick
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 HD046830;K23DA018686
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compares the prevalence of lifetime and past year risky behaviors, and major depression with or without a history of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among sexually abused youth.
Abstract: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often considered the primary problematic outcome of child sexual abuse (CSA). However, a number of other, relatively understudied negative sequelae appear to be prevalent as well. Data from 269 adolescents with a CSA history from the National Survey of Adolescents—Replication Study were therefore used to examine the prevalence of risky behaviors (i.e., problematic alcohol and drug use, delinquent behavior) and depression in this sample. The frequencies of these problems in youth with and without a history of PTSD also were examined. Results indicated that risky behaviors and depression were reported as or more frequently than PTSD. Among youth with a history of PTSD, depression and delinquent behavior were more common than among those without a history of PTSD. However, there were no differences between adolescents with and without a history of PTSD in reported problematic substance use. Findings highlight the need for comprehensive trauma-informed interventions for CSA exposed adolescents. Table and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Risk taking behavior
Index Term(s): Childhood depression; Juvenile delinquency factors; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Sexually abused adolescents; Victim program surveys
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