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NCJ Number: 229531 Find in a Library
Title: Is It Who You Know, or How Many That Counts?: Criminal Networks and Cost Avoidance in a Sample of Young Offenders
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:27  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:130-158
Author(s): Martin Bouchard; Holly Nguyen
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 29
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The aim of the current study is to assess whether criminal networks can help young offenders avoid contacts with the criminal justice system.
Abstract: We examine the association between criminal network and cost avoidance specifically for the crime of cannabis cultivation in a rural region in Quebec, Canada. A self-report delinquency survey, administered to the region's quasi-population of high-school students (N = 1,166), revealed that a total of 175 adolescents had participated in the cannabis cultivation industry (a 15 percent lifetime prevalence rate). Forty-seven respondents (27 percent), including 29 who were arrested, reported having participated in a cultivation site that was detected by the police. Results indicate that "who you know" matters in the cultivation industry, and is an important independent predictor of arrest: very few young growers who were embedded in adult networks were apprehended. Conversely, embeddedness in a youth network emerged as an independent risk factor, especially embeddedness in larger networks. Tables, figures, references, and appendix (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Canada; Crime detection; Drug law offenses; Drug offenders; Foreign criminal justice research; Marijuana; Organized crime
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