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NCJ Number: 229549 Find in a Library
Title: Legacy of INTERPOL Crime Data to Cross-National Criminology
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:33  Issue:2  Dated:Fall 2009  Pages:193-210
Author(s): Rosemary Barberet
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 8
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a systematic and extensive literature review, this study examines how criminologists and other social scientists have used INTERPOL's cross-national crime data to examine critical issues related to cross-national crime, followed by an overview of other cross-national crime data sources that will enable the continuation of such research, given INTERPOL's recent decision to stop collecting such data.
Abstract: INTERPOL crime data has always yielded a number of advantages over other data sources and has been the data source most often used by crime researchers. Some of these advantages, however, are also disadvantages. It is the oldest series of such data, published biannually from 1950 and then annually since 1993. As of 2000, it was published free of charge on INTERPOL's Web site in Arabic, English, French, and Spanish. This transparency has ironically contributed to its demise. The politicization of crime has resulted in the unwillingness of countries to expose their crime levels "dirty laundry." In addition, although participation in INTERPOL's crime statistics program has been voluntary, INTERPOL is one of the largest intergovernmental agencies in the world; however, the proportion of member states responding to crime data requests has been declining since 1985. Nevertheless, it has often provided researchers with data from more countries than any other source; and the countries represented have reflected various levels of socioeconomic development. Minimal change has occurred in the report series, which has drawn criticism that definitional and reporting problems at the national level are deceptively masked. The future requires leadership in encouraging intergovernmental organizations to continue collecting cross-national crime data while encouraging one's own nation to contribute national data to international datasets. Such data should include victimization and self-report surveys as well as official crime data. The United Nations is a logical focus for leadership in this area. 2 notes and 98 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Comparative criminology; Cross-cultural analyses; Cross-cultural comparisons; Data collections; International crime statistics; International organizations; International police activities; Research methods
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