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NCJ Number: 229556 Find in a Library
Title: Crime and Punishment in Serbia: A Country Profile
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:33  Issue:2  Dated:Fall 2009  Pages:349-364
Author(s): Vesna Markovic
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 16
Publisher: http://criminaljustice.msu.edu 
Type: Issue Overview; Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This overview of Serbia's criminal justice institutions focuses on the authority and organization of the police, suspects' rights under police procedures, crime issues, the court system, how guilt is determined, and sanctions.
Abstract: Serbia, a country whose economy is in transition, has experienced many changes over the years in terms of its size and composition, along with its government structure, which changed from that of a monarchy to its current status as a republic. The Serbian police are under the command of the Directorate of Police, which is part of the Ministry of Interior. There are 28 Secretariats of Internal Affairs throughout the country. The police execute arrests with a warrant, as is the case in the United States. Police are able to detain an individual at the scene of a crime that has recently occurred. Police may also detain a person if there is evidence that a crime has been committed, in order to prevent suspects from fleeing and to prevent the destruction or removal of evidence. Persons can also be detained for questioning. If there is insufficient evidence to arrest a suspect or not enough suspicion to warrant an interrogation, the individual is released. Crimes are defined in the Criminal Code, which is divided into 35 chapters that contain 432 articles. Regarding crime, one of the major problems is human trafficking, which has become one of the fastest growing transnational crimes. The Ministry of Interior has created a specialized unit to fight human trafficking. The legal system in Serbia consists of one Supreme Court, various district courts, municipal courts, and economic courts. In the administration of justice, there are varying definitions that outline the legal responsibility or culpability based on mental capacity as well as other criminal defenses. 14 notes and 12 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Crime in foreign countries; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign criminal codes; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign laws; Foreign police; Foreign policies; Yugoslavia (Pre-1992)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=251586

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