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NCJ Number: 229603 
Title: Preventing Deadly Encounters Between Law Enforcement and American Far-Rightists (From Reducing Terrorism Through Situational Crime Prevention, P 141-172, 2009, Joshua D. Freilich and Graeme R. Newman, eds., see NCJ-229596)
Author(s): Joshua D. Freilich; Steven M. Chermak
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Reponses to Terrorism (START)
College Park, MD 20742
US Dept of Homeland Security
Washington, DC 20528
Grant Number: N00140510629
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter examines the results of a study that applied situational crime prevention techniques to two case studies of fatal far-right attacks against law enforcement personnel in the United States.
Abstract: This study extends Clarke and Newman's (2006; Newman & Clarke, 2008) work that applied SCP to terrorism. Their analysis focused on international terrorists, particularly suicide attacks, and only briefly discussed domestic American extremists. The American far-right, however, also poses a significant threat to public safety. This paper applies SCP techniques to two case studies of fatal far-right attacks against law enforcement personnel in the United States. The incidents were purposefully selected from Freilich and Chermak's U.S. Extremist Crime Database (ECDB), a relational database of all crimes committed by far-right extremists in the United States from 1990 to the present reported in an open source. Cornish's "script" analysis is applied to the two cases to devise intervention techniques to prevent such acts. One case illustrates the efficacy of the traditional "hard" SCP techniques. Importantly, because some of these attacks were unplanned and occurred during routine incidents that escalated, recent innovations in SCP by Wortley and others are applied to a second case to demonstrate the usefulness of "soft" techniques. Tables, notes, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Situational crime prevention
Index Term(s): Assaults on police; Domestic terrorism; Fatalities; Police deaths; Police response to terrorism; Supporters of terrorism; Terrorism causes; Terrorism/Mass Violence; Victims of terrorism
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