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NCJ Number: 229607 Find in a Library
Title: Substance Use and HIV Prevention for Youth in Correctional Facilities
Journal: Journal of Correctional Education  Volume:60  Issue:4  Dated:December 2009  Pages:289-315
Author(s): Michele Mouttapa, Ph.D.; Donnie W. Watson, Ph.D.; William J. McCuller, M.A.; Chris Reiber, Ph.D.; Winnie Tsai, B.S.
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 27
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effects of substance use and HIV prevention (SUHIP) programs on high-risk juveniles.
Abstract: Evidence-based programs for substance use and HIV prevention (SUHIP) were adapted for high-risk juveniles at 24-hour secure correctional facilities. In this pilot study, comparisons were made between adolescents who received the SUHIP intervention and a control group on changes in: (1) knowledge of HIV prevention behaviors, (2) attitudes and beliefs about HIV, (3) attitudes toward condom use, (4) rates of stimulant use, and (5) self-efficacy for being drug free. Assessments were completed at baseline and 2 months subsequent to their release in the community. The 48 participants who completed both assessments were predominately Latino and African-American, ages 14 to 19 years, and male (56 percent). Results revealed that the SUHIP group, relative to the control group, demonstrated: (1) greater increases in knowledge of HIV prevention behaviors, (2) decreases in erroneous beliefs regarding HIV vulnerability and testing, (3) increased ease in carrying and using condoms, (4) lower stimulant use among girls, (5) increased self-efficacy in avoiding drug and alcohol use. In addition, the SUHIP group experienced greater improvements in attitudes about the school atmosphere, and greater reductions in problem behaviors, fights, and trouble with the law. Incorporation of evidence-based HIV and substance use-prevention programs in juvenile correctional facilities is feasible and can yield positive outcomes for high-risk incarcerated male and female juvenile offenders. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention
Index Term(s): Attitudes toward AIDS; Black juvenile delinquents; Hispanic; Juvenile correctional programs; Juvenile drug abusers
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