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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229625 
Title: Globalization, Power and Knowledge in Youth Justice (From Youth Justice Handbook: Theory, Policy and Practice, P 83-89, 2010, Wayne Taylor, Rod Earle, and Richard Hester, eds. - See NCJ-229620)
Author(s): Richard Hester
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This chapter identifies the issues raised by the globalization of research, policy, and practice in youth justice and its implications for Great Britain and Croatia.
Abstract: This chapter argues that understanding what is going on in youth justice in England and Wales requires an understanding of the global as well as the local developments that are influencing the knowledge, policies, and practices that impact the well-being of youth, particularly how youth are viewed, processed, and treated by youth justice systems. Although the most common concept of "globalization" refers to the economic and political interdependence of nations and groups of nations, there is also a social impact of these interdependent processes. As nations increasingly interact in international forums, all segments of human life and experience on planet earth come under scrutiny, as national leaders and builders of national institutions seek and offer advice and consensus on how the well-being of youth can be advanced. Within these complex international interactions, this chapter focuses on one aspect of relevance to youth justice practitioners, i.e., the development of a set of influential "knowledge claims" associated with the so-called "what works agenda." Within this agenda, the chapter addresses the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model. The RNR model currently dominates youth justice policy in England and Wales. In examining the transference of this model to an emerging democracy, this chapter discusses the complications that arise in replicating the RNR model in Croatia. This analysis notes that under the RNR model, child-centered approaches are at risk of being marginalized by the more pressing need to reduce the recidivism of youth effectively and efficiently. In developing nations, broader child-centered policies may require greater priority. The principal advice of this chapter is that imported policies through globalization must be carefully scrutinized to determine their appropriateness for local conditions and priorities. 20 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice policies
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Children at risk; Criminal justice system effectiveness; Croatia; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Foreign juvenile justice systems; International cooperation; International organizations; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Research uses in policymaking; Risk management
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