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NCJ Number: 229660 Find in a Library
Title: Towards Degarrisonisation in Jamaica: A Place for Civil Society
Journal: Crime Prevention and Community Safety  Volume:12  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:1-23
Author(s): Hume Nicola Johnson
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 23
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Reviewing the widespread struggle against the Mafia in Italy and the decline of its strong-hold in this country, this paper considers the implications of the positive developments in Italy and the movement towards degarrisonization (of Mafia leadership) in Jamaica.
Abstract: For nearly 50 years, powerful politically connected criminal actors called ‘dons’ (or area leaders) have occupied - Mafia style - some of Jamaica’s deprived urban communities, and enacted new, outlaw forms of community leadership. In these communities, notoriously labeled ‘garrisons’, dons have ‘manufactured consent’ for their illicit rule, using coercive tactics and by positioning themselves as legitimate civic leaders. In the process, these rogue actors have not only gained acceptance among significant numbers of the subaltern class but also (tacit) political recognition in the wider society. Genuine civil society has been eclipsed in Jamaica’s urban garrisons due to the persistence of this rogue leadership. Still, a more hopeful outlook for Jamaica may be possible. Drawing upon previous research outlining the widespread struggle against the Mafia led by members of Italian civil society, and the ensuing decline in its omnipotence in that country, this paper considers the implications of the positive developments in Italy for the noticeable movement towards degarrisonization in Jamaica, and contemplates what role a resurrected Jamaican civil society might play in this process. Figures, note, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Jamaica
Index Term(s): Criminal infiltration of business; Mob infiltration; Organized crime; Organized crime prevention; Society-crime relationships
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