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NCJ Number: 229668 Find in a Library
Title: Psychopathology in Methamphetamine-Dependent Adults 3 Years After Treatment
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:29  Issue:1  Dated:January 2010  Pages:12-20
Author(s): Suzette Glasner-Edwards; Larissa J. Mooney; Patricia Marinelli-Casey; Maureen Hillhouse; Alfonso Ang; Richard A. Rawson
Corporate Author: UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
United States of America
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin (SAMHSA)
Rockville, MD 20857
UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
Los Angeles, CA 90025
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: K23DA020085;TI11440-01;TI11427-01;TI11425-01;TI11443-01;TI11484-01;TI11441-01;TI11410-01;TI11411-01
Contract Number: 270-01-7089
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study examined psychiatric symptoms among methamphetamine (MA) users.
Abstract: Although psychiatric symptoms are frequently observed in methamphetamine (MA) users, little is known about the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in MA-dependent individuals. This is the first study to examine the treatment. We predicted that psychiatric diagnoses and severity would be associated with substance use and poorer overall functioning over the 3 year post-treatment course. Participants (N=526) received psychosocial treatment for MA dependence as part of the Methamphetamine Treatment Project and were reassessed for psychosocial functioning and substance use at a mean of 3 years after treatment initiation. DSM-IV psychiatric diagnoses were assessed at follow-up using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Psychosocial functioning was assessed using the Addiction Severity Index. Overall, 48.1 percent of the sample met criteria for a current or past psychiatric disorder other than a substance use disorder. Consistent with prior reports from clinical samples of cocaine users, this rate was largely accounted for by mood disorders, anxiety disorders and antisocial personality. Those with an Axis I psychiatric disorder evidenced increased MA use and greater functional impairment over time relative to those without a psychiatric disorder. This initial investigation of psychiatric diagnoses in MA users after indicates elevated rates of Axis I and II disorders in this population and underscores the need for integrated psychiatric assessment and intervention in drug abuse treatment settings. Tables, figure, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Psychiatric services
Index Term(s): Drug use; Mental disorders; Methamphetamines; Treatment intervention model; Treatment techniques
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