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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229680 Find in a Library
Title: Signature Profiling and Classification of Illicit Heroin by GC-MS Analysis of Acidic and Neutral Manufacturing Impurities
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:55  Issue:1  Dated:January 2010  Pages:42-49
Author(s): David R. Morello, B.S.; Sini Panicker, M.S.; John F. Casale, B.S.; Sam D. Cooper, B.S.
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The isolation, derivatization, and semiquantitative analysis of neutral and acidic heroin manufacturing impurities by programmed temperature vaporizing injector-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (PTV-GC-MS) is described.
Abstract: The illicit manufacture of heroin results in the formation of trace level acidic and neutral impurities. These impurities are detectable in illicit heroin and provide valuable information about the manufacturing process used. Trace acidic and neutral heroin impurities were isolated from basic fractions using liquid–liquid extraction. Extracted impurities were treated with N-Methyl-N-trimethylsilyltrifluoroacetamide followed by PTV-GC-MS analyses. Semiquantitative data were obtained using full scan mass spectrometry utilizing unique ions or ion combinations for 36 trace impurities found in crude and/or highly refined heroin samples. Minimum detection limits for acidic and neutral impurities were estimated to be at the 10 minus 7 level relative to total morphine. Over 500 authentic heroin samples from South America, Mexico, Southwest Asia, and Southeast Asia were analyzed. Classification of illicit heroin based on the presence or absence and relative amounts of acidic and neutral impurities is presented. 3 figures, 3 tables, and 17 references (Published abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Chromatography; Drug analysis; Drug law enforcement; Forensic sciences; Heroin; Investigative techniques; Spectroscopy
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