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NCJ Number: 229697 Find in a Library
Title: Intercondylar Eminences and Their Effect on the Maximum Length Measure of the Tibia
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:55  Issue:1  Dated:January 2010  Pages:145-148
Author(s): Erin B. Waxenbaum, Ph.D.; David R. Hunt, Ph.D.; Anthony B. Falsetti, Ph.D.
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Maximum length measurement of the tibia has been found to be variable both in description and implementation. Historically, the literature often excludes the intercondylar eminences from the tibia in metric analysis.
Abstract: This paper explores the quantitative effects of inclusion or exclusion of the eminences on the maximum length measure across ancestral population, age, and sex in five human adult populations of American Whites and Blacks, two Native American samples, and East Asians. A Tukey's post hoc comparison was employed to determine the overall effect of inclusion the intercondylar eminences has on metric assessment of the tibia. Results show no significant effect on comparative analysis of the tibia by age or sex. However, the difference between sample means by ancestry is significant (p less than 0.0001). These results pose interesting questions concerning the morphological differences between ancestral groups. This investigation prompts further study of population variation of the human knee. 6 tables, 1 figure, and 24 references (Published abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Age determination; American Indians; Asian Americans; Black/African Americans; Bone analysis; Caucasian/White Americans; Comparative analysis; Gender determination
Note: This work was presented in part at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 20-25, 2006, in Seattle, WA.
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